基于 CentOS 7 源码编译搭建 LAMP 环境

生产环境手工源码编译安装部署LAMP小记

1.环境所需软件包:

httpd-2.4.43.tar.gz  Apache 主程序包https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/apache/httpd/httpd-2.4.43.tar.gz
apr-1.7.0.tar.gz        Apache 依赖包https://mirror.bit.edu.cn/apache/apr/apr-1.7.0.tar.gz
apr-util-1.6.1.tar.gz Apache 依赖包https://mirror.bit.edu.cn/apache/apr/apr-util-1.6.1.tar.gz
pcre-8.44.tar.gz       Apache 依赖包https://ftp.pcre.org/pub/pcre/pcre-8.44.tar.gz
php-7.2.31.tar.gz         php 主程序包https://www.php.net/distributions/php-7.2.31.tar.gz
mysql-5.7.30.tar.gz  mysql 主程序包https://downloads.mysql.com/archives/community/

2.安装编译工具和开发包

yum install -y epel-release
yum -y install make gcc gcc-c++ openssl openssl-devel expa-tdevel 

3.1.编译安装依赖包apr

tar xf apr-1.7.0.tar.gz -C /usr/local/src/ 
cd /usr/local/src/apr-1.7.0/ 
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apr 
echo $?
make -j 4 && make install && cd 

3.2.编译安装依赖包 apr-util

tar xf apr-util-1.6.1.tar.gz -C /usr/local/src/ 
cd /usr/local/src/apr-util-1.6.1/ 
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apr-util --with-apr=/usr/local/apr/bin/apr-1-config
make -j 4 && make install && cd 

4. 编译安装依赖包 pcre

tar xf pcre-8.44.tar.gz -C /usr/local/src/ 
cd /usr/local/src/pcre-8.44/ 
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/pcre 
make -j 4 && make install && cd 

5.编译安装 Apache

tar zxvf httpd-2.4.43.tar.gz -C /usr/local/src/  
cd /usr/local/src/httpd-2.4.43/  
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apache --enable-so -enable-rewrite --enable-ssl --with-apr=/usr/local/apr --with-apr-util=/usr/local/apr-util -with-pcre=/usr/local/pcre --enable-modules=most --enable-mpms-shared=all --with-mpm=event 
make -j 4 && make install && cd 
/usr/local/apache/bin/apachectl -V

选项说明:

  • –prefix=/usr/local/apache                           #安装路径
  • –enable-so                                              #支持动态加载模块
  • –enable-rewrite                                          #支持网站地址重写
  • –enable-ssl                                              #支持 SSL 加密
  • –with-pcre=/usr/local/pcre                         #pcre 路径
  • –with-apr=/usr/local/apr                            #apr 路径
  • –with-apr-util=/usr/local/apr-util              #apr-util 路径

网站根目录位置:/usr/local/apache/htdocs/ 下

5.1 生成启动脚本

cp /usr/local/apache/bin/apachectl /etc/init.d/ 
chmod +x /etc/init.d/apachectl 

5.2 生成apache启动脚本

vim /usr/lib/systemd/system/apache.service 

#插入以下内容
[Unit] 
Description=apache 
After=network.target 
[Service] 
Type=forking 
ExecStart=/etc/init.d/apachectl start 
ExecReload=/etc/init.d/apachectl restart 
ExecStop=/etc/init.d/apachectl stop 
PrivateTmp=true 
[Install] 
WantedBy=multi-user.target 
#保存退出
chmod 754 /usr/lib/systemd/system/apache.service 

systemctl start apache.service 

启动脚本参考文章:https://www.cnblogs.com/q149072205/p/11541693.html

6.修改Apache默认运行用户

useradd -M -s /sbin/nologin  apache
vim /usr/local/apache/conf/httpd.conf           
166行默认用户和默认组改为apache

6.1 修改目录权限

chown -R apache:apache /usr/local/apache/ 
systemctl  restart  apache 

7.安装配置MySQL数据库

useradd -M -s /sbin/nologin mysql 
tar xf mysql-5.7.30-el7-x86_64.tar.gz
mv mysql-5.7.30-el7-x86_64 /usr/local/mysql 
mkdir -p /data/mysql #创建存放数据的文件夹
touch /var/log/mysqld.log  
chown -R mysql:mysql /usr/local/mysql/ 
chown -R mysql:mysql /data/mysql/ 
chown -R mysql:mysql /var/log/mysqld.log 

7.1创建 mysql 配置文件

vim /etc/my.cnf 

[client] 
port = 3306 
socket = /data/mysql/mysql.sock
 
[mysqld] 
port = 3306 
user = mysql 
socket = /data/mysql/mysql.sock
 
basedir = /usr/local/mysql 
datadir = /data/mysql 
log-error=/var/log/mysqld.log

7.2 添加环境变量

vim /etc/profile.d/mysql.sh  

MYSQL_HOME=/usr/local/mysql export PATH=$PATH:$MYSQL_HOME/bin 
source /etc/profile    #使环境变量生效

7.3 初始化数据库

cd /usr/local/mysql/ 
./bin/mysqld --initialize --user=mysql --basedir=/usr/local/mysql --datadir=/data/mysql  #生成临时密码
cat /var/log/mysqld.log |grep password 

7.3 开机启动MySQL

cp support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysqld 
chmod 755 /etc/init.d/mysqld 
chkconfig --add mysqld 
chkconfig --list mysqld 
/etc/init.d/mysqld start 

7.4 修改mysql root密码

mysql -uroot -p'上面grep出来的' 
mysql> set password for root@localhost = password('123123'); 
mysql> flush privileges;      #刷新权限表 

mysql> exit 

7.5 运行安全初始化脚本

mysql_secure_installation 

8.编译安装 php7.2

8.1 安装依赖

yum -y install php-mcrypt libmcrypt libmcrypt-devel  autoconf  freetype gd libmcrypt libpng libpng-devel libjpeg libxml2 libxml2-devel zlib curl curl-devel re2c php-pear 
tar xf php-7.2.31.tar.gz -C /usr/local/src/ 
cd /usr/local/src/php-7.2.31/ 
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php/ --with-apxs2=/usr/local/apache/bin/apxs --enable-mbstring --with-curl --with-gd --enable-fpm --enable-mysqlnd --with-pdo-mysql=mysqlnd --with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php/etc/ --with-mysqli=mysqlnd --with-mysql-sock=/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock --enable-maintainer-zts 

make -j 4 && make install && cd 

参数注释:

–with-apxs2                #将 php 编译为 Apache 的一个模块进行使用
–enable-mbstring        #多字节字符串的支持
–with-curl                  #支持 cURL
–with-gd                   #支持 gd 库
–enable-fpm              #支持构建 fpm
–enable-mysqlnd        #启用 mysqlnd
–with-pdo-mysql         #支持 pdo:MySQL 支持
–with-config-file-path #设置配置文件路径
–with-mysqli               #支持 MySQLi
–with-mysql-sock        #关联 mysql 的 socket 文件
–enable-maintainer-zts #如果 Apache 是 event 模型,那需要指定 zts

8.2 生成配置文件

 cp /usr/local/src/php-7.2.31/php.ini-production /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini 

8.3 使apache支持php文件

vim /usr/local/apache/conf/httpd.conf 
# 393 行下面添加: 
    AddType application/x-httpd-php .php	 
    AddType application/x-httpd-php-source .phps
#保存退出
 systemctl restart apache.service

9. 测试php是否可用

cd /usr/local/apache/htdocs/ 
vim index.php 
<?php         
phpinfo(); 
?>

systemctl restart apache

就此,整个LAMP环境部署成功!

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